What is a water pump and how many types are there and which one is good?

What is a water pump?

A water pump is a device that helps deliver water for consumption. consumption in agriculture, transportation, industry, as well as wastewater treatment to preserve the environment Currently, there are many types of water pumps depending on the choice of use. But commonly used in the home will be the type that uses electricity. which is convenient and easy to use The working principle of water pumps generally uses a motor to rotate the pump to move water from one point to another by pressure and water volume. It also helps to increase the water pressure to be stable and consistent. during water use and if water is used in many points Can also draw water from the water tank to use as well Water pumps can be divided into 4 types as follows.

How many types of water pumps are there?

Automatic water pump or high pressure water pump

automatic water pump Also known as a round tank pump, this type of water pump has been applied in the beginning. The function of this type of water pump is to suck water to stay and store it in a steel tank called a pressure tank, commonly used in homes, residences, which will work by turning on-off automatically according to the activation of the device. water There is also the power to send water to various points. well inside the house

constant pressure water pump

constant pressure water pump Also known as a square tank water pump. This type of pump has a working principle similar to an automatic water pump, but it is different. It uses the pressure generated by the metal drum. Small size inside is filled with nitrogen gas. which is qualified High heat resistance and the pressure is more stable than normal air makes the water consistent at every point of use, for example, used with a water heater keep the water hot evenly Suitable for apartments, buildings, commercial buildings, townhouses or single houses.

centrifugal pump

centrifugal pump It is a residential type water pump. “centrifugal force” in work when the centrifugal force acts on the water pump The pressure in the center of the pump is reduced to almost vacuum. Causing the pressure of the outside atmosphere to push the water from the cistern into the center of the pump causing the impeller to rotate due to vacuum and centrifugal force together continuously causing the water to move through the pump from low to high Suitable for long-term continuous use such as agricultural work, water pumping up high buildings. Pumping work from tanks or wells Sprinkler work, etc. It can also pump water in large quantities. or high transmission Because centrifugal pumps have high horsepower.

Submersible pump, submersible pump or devo pump

Submersible pump, submersible pump, or that devo pump Used for pumping water out of the well. or drain wastewater from the canal It has a low transmission power but can pump large volumes of water. There are 2 types of this type of pump: with a float, when immersed in high water, the float will float up. make the machine work When all the water is sucked in, the float will sink and the pump will automatically cut off. and without a float Must turn on-off the switch yourself. In addition to the water draw, the strength of the water depends on the wattage.

Correct installation of the water pump

Problems with the use of the water pump It is something that many people must have experienced problems such as The water pump does not stop working. water pump not working water pump not cutting Unstable water pump pressure or many other problems that must be encountered It may be caused by choosing the wrong installation area. Therefore, we should choose the appropriate area to install the water pump as follows.

  • The water pump should not be too far away. because it will absorb water and distribute water well
  • The water pump should not be installed in an outdoor area exposed to the sun or rain as it may cause damage to the pump. If unavoidable, a roof should be made for the pump.
  • The pump should be installed at least 30 centimeters from the wall to help cool the heat. and easy to repair